CBD Oil: What Is the Difference Between CBD Isolate and Full-Spectrum CBD?
CBD Oil. CBD Isolate. Full spectrum CBD. There are so many science terms when it comes to CBD oil.
Is there a difference between these two CBD oil products? There is! When CBD oil is first extracted from hemp, the extract contains a large amount of CBD, but it also includes a whole host of other compounds. When a full-spectrum product is formulated, all of those compounds are kept in the product. On the other hand, a CBD isolate is purified to remove those other compounds and just keep pure CBD.
Full spectrum CBD Oil versus CBD Isolate
The term “full spectrum” means that the CBD oil has all of the active compounds derived from hemp. In addition to CBD, the full-spectrum products contain other cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes.
A full-spectrum product can also contain other cannabinoids in addition to CBD – compounds like CBG (cannabigerol), CBC (cannabichromene), CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) and CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) which have unique health benefits. Cannabis and hemp have over 100 cannabinoids, not just CBD and THC, which are the most recognized. Cannabinoids work together, known as the entourage effect, synergistically influencing each other’s action to boost the overall therapeutic benefit.
Flavonoids are phytonutrients (plant nutrients) found in every plant, including hemp. In fact, scientists have so far isolated more than 6,000 types of flavonoids. These chemicals give a plant its color. Flavonoids make blueberries blue and eggplant purple. Flavonoids have health benefits, too; they are potent antioxidants, and they have anti-inflammatory properties that help the immune system.
Terpenes are molecules created by all kinds of plants, including hemp. Terpenes give a plant its unique flavor and scent. Terpenes are responsible for the sweet or pungent scents, and for flavors like citrus, berry, pine or mint. Together with cannabinoids, terpenes work in conjunction to create the entourage effect.
Full spectrum products are sometimes referred to as whole plant products. Hemp is naturally low in THC (less than 0.3 percent) but a full spectrum product will contain these trace amounts of THC. However, the concentrations are so low that no hallucinogenic effect will occur. CBD full-spectrum oils contain the complete range of chemical compounds that are derived from the raw hemp plant, and not just CBD by itself, which is referred to as an isolate product.
When a CBD isolate is made, the amalgam product is purified to remove other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids to leave a purified CBD product known as an isolate.